Sexual Assault in the Military Justice System

What Are the Ramifications of the Changes in Article 120, U.C.M.J. to the Legal System?

The change of the name of this Article, effective October 1, 2007 to “Rape, sexual assault and other sexual misconduct” leaves very few loop holes in what the Article represents.

The name wasn’t the only significant change either, as the new Article now includes 36 potential offenses that replace all prior ones under the original Article but also include offenses that were originally found under Article 134. The offenses, as they are laid out in this Article, are clear and concise, and leave very little room for debate as to what they apply to. Although many offenses that were found in the previous Article remain intact, the changes that were made have serious impacts on the offenses themselves.

Examples of those changes include:

  • Consent is basically no longer a major issue when it comes to rape charges. This modification means, in part, that if the victim did not fight back during an alleged rape, it does not automatically mean that consent had been given.
  • With respect to the offence of carnal knowledge, if the child was 12 or over, a defense argument that the accused believed the individual was at least 16 can be used. This defense can now be used in other offenses such as sexual assault, abusive sexual contact, and indecent liberty (all pertaining to a child).
  • An affirmative defense is also permissible in a mistake of fact circumstance.
  • Mistake of fact as to consent is being allowed as an affirmative offense, but the burden of proof is upon the accused.

There are just a few examples of several changes that took place. Although updating the law and keeping it current with the crimes of the time is critical, we must also consider the burden to the legal system to keep up and implement these changes. This includes the upgrading and educating of law enforcement officials, defense attorneys, prosecutors, and judges.

If each of these divisions of the law do not bring themselves up-to-date, we risk not only the miscarriage of justice, but a great deal of time and money spent needlessly on long court proceedings. Learning, enforcing, and testing the validity of substantial changes to law requires a great deal of time. It also establishes a new precedent for cases built and defended or prosecuted on the strength of case law. With so many new enforcements, it will take several years before case law pertaining to the new Article 120 becomes effective.

So does this mean that laws should not be changed? While laws must keep up with the times, one wonders if it would not be far more beneficial to change laws in accordance with contemporary needs. If a new form of crime is becoming evident and consistent, would it not be more prudent to address this in the laws at the time this became fact, and allow those in the legal system to adjust on an ongoing basis rather than in one fell swoop, and with such major impact?

Understanding Youth Conflict And Sustainable Initiative Model (Part 1)

Conflict is a natural phenomenon, it is as old as mankind, and conflict is a state of discord caused by the actual or perceived opposition of needs, values and interests. A conflict can be internal (within oneself) or external (between two or more individuals). Conflict as a concept can help explain many aspects of social life such as social disagreement, conflicts of interests, and fights between individuals, groups, or organizations. Conflicts in social settings can result to stress or tensions among stakeholders, seen as working towards certain goals. When interpersonal conflicts occur, its effect is often broader than two individuals involved, and can affect collective individual needs and relationships in more or less adverse and sometimes even humorous way.

Conflict is one of the major concerns not only in any given continent, it also affect the international community as well. Conflict is simply the absence of peace, and the successive introduction of diversify sense of humor of people within the context of a community or society. If this is the case then, what are the root causes of conflict? Let me approach this issue from an African viewpoint, especially with the Niger Delta Area of Nigeria as a case study. Conflict does not mean people engaging in riots, or situation of economic inhumanity or the expression of calculated grievances, conflict could be within a person. Regardless of the nature of conflict, whether within or without transcends our mere study of individualized conflict escalation.

Scholars, peace and security experts, and conflict management professionals have brainstormed on several recurrent and perpetuated conflicts involving the Ageing, youths and the Government. Answers to this has been quite cumbersome; the least in mind includes but not limited to the following:

o Inadequate Resources
o Environmental and economic degeneration etc.
o Communal attitudes
o Social and economic dilemmas
o Uneven distribution of scare resources
o Environmental degradation and spills
o Government’s lukewarmness in community and Ariel developments
o Lack of Social Infrastructures etc.
o Boundaries Problems
o Inter/intra communal clashes

It is true that after a young man/woman complete his/her studies, the expectation is to get a job and start well in their various careers. A government that denies the timid and all encompassing youths these adequate supports, entrepreneurial guidance and civil liberties; the outcome in most cases have always resulted to nationwide or sectarian violence, militancy and piracy. When expectations are high and strategically become impossible such as unavailable access to resources; resultant outcome could emanates to sequential riots, theft just to mention a few. Sickness can cause conflict especially from within an individual. In an instance where people get ill and cannot afford proper Medicare or inability to access available treatments within the area, internal crisis evolves and this is called “the Preliminary stage of conflict”.

A clash of interests, values, actions or directions often sparks a conflict; a conflict refers to the existence of that clash. Psychologically, conflict exists when the reduction of one motivating stimulus result to an increase in another, that requires new set of variable adjustment in needs and characteristic factors. A potential conflict situation does imply that there is already a conflict of direction, even though a clash may not yet have occurred. Conflict however depicts, in a crude and academic parlance, a natural disagreement resulting from individuals or groups that differ in attitudes, beliefs, values or needs. It is needless to note that there are varying causes of conflict, some of which are indicative and known, while others are synergic and morphological.

Some basic way to deal with conflicts, apart from its detailed analysis in our preceding chapters can be based on the following:

– Accommodation – surrender one’s own needs and wishes to accommodate the other party.
– Avoidance- avoid or postpone conflict by ignoring it, changing the subject, etc. avoidance can be useful as a temporary measure to buy time or as an expedient means of dealing with very minor, non-recurring conflicts. In more severe cases, conflict avoidance can involve severing a relationship or leaving a group.
– Collaboration – work together to find a mutually beneficial solution to conflict, this has to be built on an appropriate trust, respect or communication among participants.
– Compromise – find a middle ground in which each party is partially satisfied.
– Positive competition asserting one’s viewpoint at the potential expense of another can be useful when achieving one’s objectives outweighs one’s concern for the relationship. It is quite important that these competences need to be built among the young generation to enable them to make rational decisions.

Youth violence is a result of the high percentage of unemployment. Young people today in various facets of the Nigerian Economic and the socio-political life are normally misused by politician especially during electoral campaign period for their selfish and political gains. The best way to curb violence is to educate youths and young people in non-violence and in their rights as individuals and the need to embrace peace. They should be empowered on the importance of protecting their country against misuse by political bigwigs to gain political mileage and cause ethnic divisions.

MASSIVE UNEMPLOYMENT QUAGMIRE

Nigerians, and the youth in particular are vexed by issues of massive unemployment and underemployment across the Niger Delta. It is not that they are ignorant of it nor of its attendant socio-economic dehumanization of people across the nation but to inform the present government that the time has come to make it a national experience of the past and no more of the present. Statistics abound in the records of the World Bank, Transparency International and other Monitoring International Organizations of the alarming rate of unemployment in the country. There is no need to go into intellectual and statistical exercise in this discussion, but to put this matter raw as there are numerous victims of this quagmire in the area, whom I have personally interviews before anything else. Over 60% of Niger Delta active and highly productive populations are out of employment.

Since 1982 there has been overt embargo on Federal and State government employment. Think of the army of youths graduating from secondary and tertiary institutions that are shut out of jobs bearing in mind that the low level and degradable state of industrialization naturally makes Government the highest employer of labour. Even children born in 1983 up to 1990s are now men and women enlisted involuntarily into the army of the unemployed and socio-economically dehumanized of Nigeria. As citizens of this great nation, an average Nigerian consciousness has been thwarted, and has now become citizens of an otherwise resource rich country. This is the irony of Nigerians, yet we stifle like the poorest nations in Africa

The private sector was a viable employer of labour until the early 1980s when Nigeria’s huge trade deficit and international debt burdens literally shut off importation of vital raw materials for production. Gradually many otherwise buoyant companies either folded up or staggered on far below their productive capacity. The inevitable consequence of this was mass retrenchment of workers and closed doors to fresh employments. Again we dare say that the indigenization Decree as patriotic as it was to a large extent turned over foreign owned businesses to Nigerians but failed to consider our experience and technical abilities to profitably run these businesses. These businesses went under throwing their employees into the labour market. In my sustainable development proposal, I suggested that the youths of Niger Delta should be engaged through skill acquisition institutions and programmes, which should instill in the youth the necessary technical capacities and manpower.

Unemployment in the cities has mutually, inclusive of its relationship with the macro economic lives of the rural population where statistics which have shown that majority of Nigerians reside in abject poverty and economic sagacity. Our rural population still produces at subsistence level and depends heavily on financial repatriations from kinsmen and women in the cities to finance education, health care and other financially intensive projects.

To this end, unemployment in the government and the industrial sectors has had multiplier effect on our huge rural population, creating a sour scenario of an idle but virile economic population. Thanks to Nigerians in the European and American Diasporas who through thick and thin repatriate home millions of Pounds and Dollars annually to keep families alive. The consequences of massive unemployment in Nigeria are to say the least ominous.

POVERTY

Transparency international in 2005 ranked Nigeria as 152 of the world 157 poorest nations, as more than 50% of Nigerians live under $1 per day. There is no blackmail in this as we see sorry evidence of poverty in urban and rural areas. The world bank also estimates that only 1% of Nigerians benefit from the countries huge oil revenue, the bulk of our oil revenue end up in white elephant projects like the Festival of Arts and Culture embarked upon by the General Obasonjo administration in 1977; while others end up in frivolous contracts and in private accounts abroad. The FESTAC edifice in Lagos called the National Theater is now a den of Robbers and Public toilet. What a waste!

A miserable and unbalanced meal a day is now luxury in most homes, accommodation in urban areas is a mirage for most Nigerians, as we cannot afford galloping house rents. Medicare is beyond the reach of Nigerians as our dilapidated hospitals are mere consultation and prescription centers. Helpless Nigerians leaves the hospitals without money to procure their drugs, some of us before the day go dark, resort to primitive unscientific concoctions and millions die in the process.

Many of our people who are lucky to secure European and American visas flee out of the country to take up menial jobs abroad. Every responsible Government strives to provide her people with the basics of life such as food and shelter. While we suffer under man made poverty, our political leaders go on jamborees abroad with public funds and even flaunt their opulence before our very faces.

It is imperative to note that, with the way things are going, politically, socially and economically, we have come naturally to the elastic limit of our national endurance. Most Nigerians during election and on the ballot consciously elected their Hancock leaders for a turn around in their fate to restore DIGNITY to their fellow countrymen as embodied in our National Anthem and in their oath of office.

YOUTH DISEMPOWERMENT

In every country or even community youths are the engines of socio-economic development. Age gives the youth the advantage of strength, motivation, innovation and adventure. An ageing population is a spent force. It has mainly experience to give to the society, and is obviously less productive than the youths. Economically youths are 70% of the work force and any country that neglects this fact and depends on the ageing population through the recycling process is destined for doom.

Through employment embargoes in the Public Service spanning over 25years now and the failure of the private sector to actively engage in reasonable production millions of Niger Delta youths are rendered idle and unproductive, thereby resorting to militancy, kidnapping and other social vices too many to be mentioned here. There are cases of Nigerian graduates who have remained unemployed for over ten years. In most cases they went through Federal Educational institutions with public funds by way of Government subsidies and capital investments in these institutions. The result is a colossal waste of valuable public funds and productive labour necessary for the socio-economic advancement of the nation.

The neglect of the youths in the economic process of this country has so many socio-economic consequences, economic revival and growth despite several government visionary programmes will continue to remain a mirage. The Nation’s youths are impoverished and their remix for survival have become ready agents of destruction, anarchy and confusion in the service of the privileged few who are mostly politicians.

Many of our youths are now experts in international scam called ‘419’ and the ‘Yahoo-Yahoo’ panorama in Nigeria. This activity of Nigerian youths which was born out of a degenerated national economy has become an anathema to our country; created international loss of confidence in Nigeria and its people and has scared away much needed foreign capital and enterprise.

In our present day nascent democratically coined due process/rule of law mechanism, the principle of succession and continuity is ignored in this country with fatal consequences. As the Youths are denied administrative, political and economic training and involvement in our nation, we are steadily heading towards anarchy because nature abhors vacuum and the aged will inevitably quit the stage someday for their inexperienced successors to run a jungle government. Is this not an Irony of a Nation?

The youths of America fights American battles, and answer patriotic calls to duty for what their country does for them. To have job, or being employed in America is not to go hungry or begging; their country cares for them in times of distress, while our experience in Nigeria is different. The leadership of our country has been very selfish, non visionary, insensitive to the youths and have killed in them every sense of patriotism and nationalism.

The purpose of this book is to provide an advocacy channel in the removal of every obstacle to foreign investment inherent in the indigenization decree, which is a part of the constitutional concurrent list of states’ fundamental rights in the country; liberalize further the economy, reduce unemployment to its barest minimum and move the nation out of its economic quagmire.

The present administration’s policies on the application of the 7 point Agenda is a challenge to the youths of Rivers State, Beyelsa, Edo, Ondo and elsewhere in other parts of Niger Delta, the East and South-South geo-political zones; underpinning this administration and its successive ones, several methods of political card-scoring techniques have been initiated. The masses have thrown their support on this current Yar ‘Adua/Jonathan Administration as they have collectively, with all hands on deck pulled down anti-progressive structures in our country that at best serve the interest of a few at the expense of the majority.

It is paramount to note that few things in the scheme of things is required to galvanize development in the nation, through the execution of three (3) or at least four (4) of the overall number 7-plus-2-point Agenda, and as long as governance is concern the masses actually do not have a clue on bent economic, political and socio-political issues in terms of development. This may be in their crude state, yet we cannot underscore the economic importance of the youth so far in Mr. President’s 7 point Agenda policy.

Nigerians’ hope for better patriotic governance is yet to come, but we must all work out modalities collectively towards sustaining our democracy and undivided federalism. The case is half solved if this administration through its think-tank is able to combine all technical and academic scholarship in result reaching goals. Non governmental organization, International donor agencies and Multinational Corporation can also share in the overall implementations of the MDGs and the 7-point Agenda; instead of hiding in the shadows of dirty politics. While donor agencies, NGOs and private philanthropic Organisation have be praised for a job well done in several communities, a handful of multi-national organization have received such recommendation in terms of civil/corporate responsibilities.

It is time we shake off this dust of stupidity, concentrate on our economy, politics, society, culture and people, other than going through an unfortunate marigold of our national taboo. While 78% of Nigerian may claim the “it is well” syndrome, many Nigerians are of the nation that our national development is eminent, without this our long-protected federalism is in jeopardy and the foundation of our people; in terms of unity and peace may linger anti-clockwise.

THE PARADOX OF NIGER-DELTA CRISIS.

I may fail in my hypothesis to typically equate the sum-total of the overall reality principles of poverty, and wealth in correspondence with their aggravating limits in the Nigeria socio-economic dynamics. A lot of our activities in societies today can be defined by a sharp series of limitation on every living thing, at least those with corporate existence; the final boundary being death.

In the ideal world of matter, we only have so much energy to expend before our strength are gone or where we get tired, only so much in the way of food and resources is available to us; our skills and capacities can go only so far. Every one of us lives within the aforementioned limits, both the poor and the wealthy, in fact every living thing in the animal world live within this threshold. What differentiates us from animals is that while we are colossal replica of sufficient reason for our existence, and while we may have all the necessary reason bequeathed to all of the essential monads (we being subjects containing predicates). Though animals too have the same, yet minor sufficient monads for existence. It does not try to fly higher or run faster or expend endless energies amassing a pile of food (or in the case of man wealth), for that would exhaust it and leave it vulnerable to attack and other forms of degeneration and degradation. It simply tries to make the most of what it has. A monkey, for instance, instinctively practices an economy of motion and jumping, yet never wasting effort.

The above behooves the state of poverty, and the hypothesis we have exhausted so far explains all the exemplary variables, and their awareness of their limits, forced to make the most of what they have, they are endlessly inventive without efforts, yet accurate motion. Necessity has a powerful effect in their creativity.

Although the wealthy and affluent have course to remain contented, nevertheless the rich also cry, and they suffer much by virtue of the necessitated ignorance of their limits. The problem face by the rich and wealthy that live in a society of abundance is that they some times in more than 92% variation lose a sense of limit. They are carefully shielded from death, misery, pains, troubles etc, and pass months, even years, without contemplating those regulating limits. The rich imagine endless time at their disposal and slowly drift further from reality; they imagine endless energy drawn to their fantasies and testacy, thinking they can get what they want simply by trying harder – by virtue of this analysis I am a living witness.

An accurate example can be drawn using the variances that exist in most societies in the Niger Delta; I have been of several impoverished communities in the Niger Delta Oil Producing Communities, what anyone will see is usually disheartening, only seen in movies and textbooks; yet the poverty in this places caused by high level conspiracy between the federal government, Multinational corporations, state government, local government, political jobbers and mediocre in high places, the ‘who’s who’ in Nigeria, the oil magnet, the boy that does the dirty work, and the blue-bloods etc. while the poor or the inhabitant of these communities suffers the consequence of the spillage and economic sabotage done to the places in the name of federalism or the ‘one Nigeria ‘ syndrome, yet this obsession and greed has thwarted justices and fairness even within the ambit of the constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria.

The Federal structure and their unholy romance with the conspirators have fashioned a new name, a ceasefire roll call for the aggrieved (Militants) groups of Niger Delta; they nick-named called “Amnesty”. Those very wealthy people who perpetrated this necessary evil, (one can’t blame them) have begun to see everything as limitless the goodwill of friends and their perpetrators, the possibilities of wealth and fame. The question is, who does really need the Amnesty; those sabotaging or those whose land and prosperity are being sabotaged?

The rich possesses more classes and books and they can extend their talents and skills to the points where they become different people. Technology can make everything achievable, with their obsession exceeding the limit of conscience and justice. Their thoughts have transformed the goodwill in them into the worst form of barbarity and inhumanity against their countrymen. They have exceeded their limits to the threshold of ignorance; to a height of murder; assassination, genocide and civil injustice against their fellow citizen simply for a limited resources, which by right belong to the inhabitant of same society they intend to annihilate. This facts negates the fundamental human right advocated by Transparency International, it flows into the heart of civil liberty and social contract contained in our hallow Constitution.

Since 1958 Oil in the Niger-Delta has made a lot of wealthy Nigerian especially the Northerners sick and psychotic, this schizophrenic tendencies is transmissive and non-contagions. These folks in the north, west, and east and in the south-south Niger-Delta, who swims in the abundance of oil have restored to high level conspiracy with the federal structure in preparatory genocide, this in collaboration with multinational companies, strategists in the federal structure the presidency and every body in the cartel of national, continental and international conspirators. It is now a do or die affair, the great mystical political Order and the caretakers of Nigeria cannot claim innocence, they certainly have a clue of the ongoing national oil crisis, and manslaughter in Gbaramatu in Delta State. The aforementioned are one of the series of abominations, barbarity and perpetuated against the Niger-Delta region by the federal government and its cohorts.

Apologist may argue on this matter, and will refute any blame levied on the federal government. A thoughtful reflection on the whole scenario will assist us in who carried the huge blame, as the communities themselves also share in this atrocity, as they recurrently perpetrated self-style economic and environmental degradation through pipe vandal, bombardment of Multinational oil companies’ facilities operating in the region, kidnapping and other forms of criminal activities.

As regard the affluent that have fattened themselves with the blood and sweat of the innocent, and have provoked ethnic violence and other religiously motivated conflict across the country for seemingly political reasons understand the rhetoric to amass wealth. Abundance makes them swim in dreams, for in dreams there are no limits but the manipulation of grandeur. In reality it makes them very poor simply for the unavailability of peace, civil liberty and justice in their lives. Instinctively these folks are not happy, and can’t move freely. Due to unguided actions and collaboration in the grand conspiracy, have limited their freedom. It makes them soft and decadent, bored with what they have and in need of constant stocks to remind them that they are alive.

THE DUBAI PARADOX

There is rumored claimed for the actualization of the Vision 202020, which abounds in the present Administration’s Seven point Agenda. Dubai will serve as a reawakening grip on the phony contained in this administration’s theoretical fallacy, and may provoke the twist of what development entails. The United Arab Emirate (UAE) and its economic heart Dubai was planned and modeled in anticipation. Under ten (15) Dubai became the present fast growing economy of the 21st century, because the Dubai governance was transparent irrespective of the leadership structure in place. The Shirk who’s the paramount Ruler along with his team of reformers need Dubai to growth faster, which in 1989, a team of geologist predicted the dry-up of the crude oil reserve. The leadership structure had to spice up their leads on the economic sustainability of the Island rounded by salty ocean.

A round table conference of entrepreneurs, economist, and both foreign and domestic investors amongst others was called. They deliberated, and agreed on several issues. This can also be called a sovereign national conference, which was aborted and sabotage by the Obasanjo’s administration. One of the brilliant issues was for proper, planned and dynamically feasible investment plans; and tourism was keyed in as the locus standi of the economic revolution of Dubai. A new boom of investment commenced, with the Shirk taking the lead, and initiating the building of the first seven (7) Star Hotel in the world; a project that caused the investors almost Ten Billion Dollars (USD$10B). The process for the Dubai economic revolution was a swift one, yet it declared by World Bank 2000 Journal on 20 economies of the world, as the Jet age economy; because of its fast growing nature.

In all aspect, the entire economic had a definite revolution. In Aviation, Agriculture, Tourism, Housing, International/Bilateral relations and trade etc, the economy savage its difficult times, and utilized proficiently its limited resources. In Importation, tariffs were reduced at no cost, and the Dubai Port was entirely duty-free. Because Dubai has no freshwater zone, there was a proposal for Salination was initiated, and today Dubai has the biggest Salination plant in the world. In housing the revolution was carried out through the sand-filling process of its Island and to a great extent the land mass has increased spontaneously; the ‘Palm Island’ of more than a thousand (1000) housing units is an example of this Economic development and revolutionary score-card in their housing scheme.

The economy of Dubai was transformed overnight with all the necessary sacrifices made by its leaders, and they were willing to sacrifice anything, even their lives to preserve the life of the unborn. The Economy itself has trained professionals over the 10years development target, and today, Etisalat Network in Nigeria, amongst other Companies are example of Dubai’s economic expansion. Yet the Niger Delta which creates more than 58% of the nation’s wealth, and doubles the Oil and Gas exploration of Dubai is in economic quagmire. An Ariel Photography reveals the sour propaganda of the government over time, and its attempt to resolve conflict in the region.

With the right principles of due process and the rule of law, Niger Delta is too meager to develop, that is, if the Federal government is ready to make the appropriate sacrifices. The revenue allocation principles and its agitation for a fair share of the resources by the Niger Delta people may not be the immediate solution to the restive problems in the area, the government and stakeholders should initiate a development plans solely for the region and not a framework of project in conjunction with other states. The error of policy formulation is that, the federal government has likened the Region as parts of a federal structure that will naturally develop along with certain policies that are holistic.

The N-Delta region itself needs a radical policy implementation, different from national economic development master plans. We cannot play on the psyche of the people, rather, as Transparency International Coined “Draconian Approach of Economic Revolution” of the Region. The idea was that, whatever the situation, it requires effective collaboration of both the federal government and Private sector investments; those that behooves Federal and State Government partnership and participation in economic development of the aforesaid Niger Delta Region. If this is the case, within a span of less than 10yrs, the region can experience adverse structural development spine and place the area in the forefront of government agenda. With the Master Plans initiated by investors and think-thank thinkers, the area under 10 years can surface to the status of Dubai, placing development in the area in spontaneous phases.

The Renaissance, the All Seeing Eye and the Constitution of the United States of America

The All Seeing Eye of ancient Egypt, depicted upon the Great Seal of America, represents a fractal logic concept of political Liberty that is now re-emerging into a new global understanding. The ancient concept revealed its lost mystery when the science of quantum mechanics was extended into the evolutionary life-science of quantum biology. There is now an obvious advantage that various religious denominations and secular institutions, might gain, by sharing a moderate rigorous ethical understanding of the optic principles upholding spiritual reality, existing within a holographic universe.

The ancient Mystery Schools of Babylon and Egypt shared a common denominator with other ancient Eastern philosophies, which helped bring Western Classical Greek life-science into existence. This essay focusses upon the ancient civilisations of Egypt and Greece, but it is relevant to a multitude of global spiritual aspirations, based upon that common denominator. It is namely, an intuition to employ fractal logic reasoning in spiritual matters. That intuition is now re-emerging as a fundamental aspect of the new quantum biology science of life.

During the Egyptian 1st Kingdom, geometrical knowledge was needed to resurvey boundaries of rich fertile farms, lost during the the annual flooding of the Nile. Another, separate sacred geometry existed, one that extended its logic into the infinite world of fanciful immortal Egyptian gods. During the 2nd Kingdom, this ancient fractal geometrical logic became the basis for integrating concepts of mercy, compassion and justice into Egyptian political law. When the Greek philosopher Pythagoras, went to study political ethics at the Mystery Schools of ancient Egypt, he successfully devised an experiment in harmonics, known as the Comma of Pythagoras. This aspect of the Pythagorian Music of the Spheres discoveries, associated ‘Liberty’ with the political mathematics belonging to The Eye of Horus, the All Seeing Eye.

The only geometrical logic known to extend to infinity is now recognised by science to be fractal logic. Since the 5th Century until now, the Western religious World-view prohibited any life-science to be linked to such pagan logic. This was shown to be superstitious ignorance when optical nanotechnology revealed the Platonic fractal optics to be functioning within the human DNA. The NASA High Energy Astrophysics Division has published papers arguing that the Classical Greek Era’s science of life was based upon fractal logic. The fractal concept of political liberty is depicted on the American one dollar bill, and it refers to the Comma of Pythagoras experiment. However, at the time of the drafting of the Constitution of the United States of America, a grave scientific error occurred, resulting in an unbalanced scientific confusion.

One of the founding fathers of the Constitution, Alexander Hamilton, explained this problem. He did indeed, write that Liberty was associated with physics and geometrical principles. However, the Constitution was based upon Sir Isaac Newton’s published physics principles. Newton’s unpublished Heresy papers were not discovered until last century. Sir Isaac Newton’s conviction of the existence of a “more profound natural philosophy to balance the mechanical description of the universe…”was based upon Platonic physics and mathematical principles.

The Christian Church outlawed the balanced World-view political liberty concept during the 5th Century, some thirteen hundred years before the drafting of the American Constitution, Newton’s balancing fractal World-view, now at the cutting edge of quantum biological politician science, had been omitted, leaving a confused understanding of Pythagoras’ mathematical proof, which concerned itself with human liberty within a material universe balanced by the functioning of a spiritual or holographic reality. The relevant technologies are now known to be essential prerequisites for healthy biological growth and development through space-time

During the reign of Pope Cyril of Alexandria during the 5th Century, a Christian mob burnt several centuries of fractal logic research scrolls at the Great Library of Alexandria, raping and murdering it’s custodian, the mathematician Hypatia. St Augustine, at that time, officially recorded that her fractal logic mathematics was the work of the Devil. In his book The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon wrote that Hypatia’s death marked the beginning of Western Civilisations’ Dark Ages.

Western civilisation is only now beginning to emerge from the Dark Age corruption of Plato’s spiritual optical mathematics (revised for physics by the father of optics Ibn Al Haytham during the 11th Century). That lost logic is now an indisputable component of the new Platonic-Fullerene Chemistry of fractal quantum biological medical science, now emerging throughout Europe and America. Fullerene Chemisty, is based upon the holographic engineering principles of Plato’s spiritual optics as is noted by Harvard University’s Novartis Chair, Professor Amy Edmonson, in her online essay The Fuller Explanation.

The Christian Church hierarchy, long a sworn enemy of political democracy concepts being based upon spiritual fractal logic science, has not yet relinquished its role in the corruption of such physics logic. This attitude denies open debate in the affairs of global politics. in complete contempt of the 3rd Century BC Platonic Science of Universal Love, of which the Knights Templar and later Freemasonry (rightly or wrongly) linked to the teachings of Jesus Christ, as in the Jefferson Bible, held within the American Congressional Library.

Civilisation can be seen to be still in the Christian Dark Ages, This is collaborated by the fact that Cambridge University, since 1932 up until the present time, internationally requires the basis of fundamental student Core Curriculum studies, to be linked to the essay by the philosopher F M Cornford. entitled Before and After Socrates. This essay contains the ridiculous claim that Plato can be considered to be one of the greatest fathers of the Church, when his fractal logic spiritual mathematics was cursed by St Augustine as being the work of the Devil.

To add insult to injury, Western culture forbids the linking of life science to fractal logic because 20th Century science was governed by an inadequate understanding of the second law of thermodynamics, which demands the complete destruction of all life in the universe, forbidding any Platonic fractal-life science to exist. That law, still governing modern science, was derived from the Church’s 13th Century unethical (later witch burning) policies of St Thomas Aquinas. Reverend Thomas Malthus used Aquinas’ policies as the basis of the East India Company’s ruthless economic policies, which, during the 18th Century, were cited by Charles Darwin as being synonymous with the second law of thermodynamics, now enforcing a financial Hell on Earth.

During the 1980s the Science-Art Research Centre of Australia used ancient geometrical logic to prove the existence of new life-science physics laws associated with the Pythagorean Music of the Spheres. The proof mathematics were reprinted from Italy’s leading scientific journal, Il Nuovo Cimento, as an important discovery of the 20th Century by the world’s largest technological research institute, IEEE Milestone Series in Washington. Despite that published fact, most scientists refused to consider the claim that the work was based upon the forbidden fractal life-science logic.

However, in the eminent science book, The Beauty of Fractals-Images of Complex Dynamical Systems, by H Peitgen and P Richter, a chapter about extending quantum mechanics to quantum biology is entitled Freedom, Science, and Aesthetics, written by Professor Gert Eilenberger, the Director of a German scientific institute. Within his profound article he wrote about the bridging of “rational scientific insight” with “emotional aesthetic appeal” through optical fractal logic. This appears to echo the ancient geometrical fractal reasoning of Pythagoras, when he associated the All Seeing Eye optical mathematics with the concept of political freedom.

The Church surely, is now honour bound to cease its corruption of science practices. The earth does revolve around the sun and was never the centre of the universe. Spiritual reality now refers to ethical or God-like holographic reality and we can all pay homage to the devout Christian scientists who were later punished for trying to explain about the Platonic Science of Universal Love, once taught throughout Italy during the1st Century BC, as recorded by the historian Cicero.

Professor Robert Pope © 2011

Clinical Trial Fraud – How to Identify and Steps to Handle If Found

You are a CRA, CRC, a member of the clinical trial team, CRO, pharma, sponsor, or otherwise – when you become aware of fraudulent data and clinical practices in a clinical trial – what do you do? Immediately report your suspicion and findings to FDA. FDA will direct the “for cause” call to the appropriate divisions at FDA – Divisions of Scientific and Criminal Investigations. From here, if fraud is proven, any individual or organization participating in fraudulent activities will be held to the full extent of the law governing such in the judicial court system.

Clinical trial fraud is on the rise again. Major areas riddled with fraudulent clinical trial behavior:

  • over enrollment of patients
  • faking patient informed consent forms
  • faking patient CRFs
  • faking visits
  • faking lab data
  • under reporting of adverse events
  • no reporting of “early patient withdrawals”
  • no reporting of “lost to follow-up” patient visits.

If fraud is proven, clinical investigators and anyone involved in the fraud will be given heavy fines as well as prison sentences. Who is at fault? Principle and co-investigators, clinical team members and organizations. It is difficult to prevent the intention of fraud, but it is not difficult to identify fraud. Lack of clinical trial and quality control monitoring allows for the occurrence of fraud.

What does clinical research misconduct, fraud mean? FDA provides a definition that is clear in message and severity. Clinical research misconduct means falsification of data in proposing, processing, designing, performing, recording, supervising, reviewing, analyzing, collecting clinical research or reporting clinical research results, outcomes and endpoints. The manipulation of data and reporting for a self-serving purpose, usually monetary! Simple!

The FDA uses fraud and misconduct interchangeably and includes acts of omission and commission, consciously not revealing all data and consciously altering or fabricating data. Fraud does not include honest error or honest difference in opinion. Deliberate or repeated non compliance with the protocol and GCP is considered fraud, second to falsification of data which is more severe in penalty and justice and resolve.

Let us review again who commits fraud?

  • Investigators
  • Study nurses
  • Study Coordinators
  • Data managers
  • CRAs
  • Sponsors
  • Lab personnel
  • IRB staff
  • Subjects.

Yes, it is true. Clinical trial subjects have been accused and found guilty of fraud. The reasons are interesting and the content of another blog.

Average breakdown in % of blame:

  • CRC – 39
  • Study Nurse – 17
  • Hospital – 9
  • Sponsor – 9
  • Self – 9
  • Office Staff – 9
  • PI or Co-PI – 4
  • CRA – 4.

Monitor and adhere to GCP. Review and monitor repeatedly. Report fraud.

The Law Of Non-Interference

The universal Law of Non-Interference can perhaps best explain the meaning of justice. Without it, we will forever wonder why some things are considered right or why some things are considered wrong. This universal law applies to every area of life, including human relations and the field of justice in particular. As beings of Spirit in human form, this law binds us all. It is to our advantage, though. The universal Law of Non-Interference is our only password to eternal freedom, for without it we would forever be entangled in the web of karma.

What’s more, interference is actually a complete impossibility in the universe. Unless we invite interference (and then we cannot call it interference any more), we are only left with what we create for ourselves or co-create along with others. In fact, since nothing and nobody can exist in true isolation, co-creation is all there is. Furthermore, every person involved in co-creation has given their consent to what is happening to them and to everyone else.

The perception of injustice, in whatever area or form, is based on the concept of interference. It implies that there are people out there, situations, laws, organizations, societies, or even entire nations that have the power to prevent me from fulfilling my needs and desires or affect me in a negative way. We have been taught from an early age that there always has been, and continues to be, great injustice in this world. By opening any history book, we face event after event that tells of relentless bloodshed and tremendous suffering in almost every society that has lived on this planet. Millions of apparently innocent people have lost their lives because of wars fought out of greed for more land and worldly influence, or through acts of crime and terrorism.

We have come to believe that many people out there have only one thing in their mind, that is, to steal from others to enrich themselves. Furthermore, a large number of them do not even hesitate to take the life of another in order to have access to more possessions or greater degrees of power. Some merely want to take revenge for the injustice they believe has been committed against them or their loved ones.

The more recent 9-11-2001 landmark assault on thousands of civilians by terrorists using commercial jet planes as weapons of mass destruction seemed to have been one of the most senseless acts of hatred seen in history, completely beyond human comprehension. There are scandals popping up in every sector of society revealing how a few people with ill intentions can manipulate and cheat the rest of us. Drug cartels have infiltrated both the poor and rich sections of society, even using children as cheap distributors of life-altering drugs. Millions of innocent children are victims of slave labor or used as prostitutes. The stories of injustice in this world seem endless. From the simple act of stealing chewing gum in a grocery store to the large-scale exploitation of the world’s poorest countries, injustice appears to have infiltrated everywhere.

Born in Germany nine years after World War II, I became a witness to the painful aftermath of the war and the forceful division of my family and my country into two parts, and so I learned to believe in injustice as everyone else did. In addition, I felt so ashamed about what the Nazi-Germans had done to the rest of the world that I couldn’t wait to leave Germany after high school. For years, I tried to hide my German identity and rid myself of anything that had to do with my country.

If anyone had told me then that there was no injustice in this world, I would have said they were out of their mind; they would have to be someone who lived in a fantasy world of peace and harmony. Today, I cannot but think differently. I am aware that this is one of the most challenging concepts to understand and to accept, but it is also one of the most liberating ones, and it may perhaps be the only one that makes any real sense.

Injustice is an illusion that is currently in the process of demystification. Already, the old systems of maintaining justice are crumbling. Law and order is still maintained, but laws cannot guarantee justice. Many nations have had a high level of law and order, but at the same time, there was great injustice to their people; for example, in East Germany, in the Soviet Union, in Tibet and in China. We are about to witness the birth of a new justice system that is not based on human laws but on Divine Law.

Manmade laws are needed greatly at a time when polarity thinking dominates the collective consciousness of the population. As long as we inject the idea that there is a ‘right’ versus a ‘wrong’ into the atmosphere of collective thinking through our own thoughts and actions, we essentially create ‘injustice’ in this world. If this most basic form of judgment – seeing one thing as right and another as wrong – ceased to dominate our awareness, there would be much less injustice around us. This is actually happening already. Manmade law is being replaced gradually with natural law, and a daily-increasing number of people look toward nature, the natural environment, and the spirit within to know how to live their lives.

Much of the current strife and struggle is a result of this transformation.The search for natural alternative energy sources, the cleaning up of our rivers, lakes and air, the attempts to save and preserve species that are dying out, the emergence of alternative forms of medicine, etc. are all definitive indications that natural law is already awakening in the mass population. This, however, creates conflict, the struggle of having to let go of the old before we can accept the new.

A person experiences injustice in life because of a need to bring to the surface of awareness any form of injustice harbored in his or her own heart. Whether this injustice is rooted in the present life or previous lifetimes is irrelevant. Because they have not come to terms with an internal discrepancy, these people literally, though unconsciously, seek a situation that permits them to get in touch with their unforgiving feelings and judgments. Humans do not err, lie, cheat, steal, etc.; they only pretend to. They unknowingly play these roles for the sake of learning from each other about themselves.

Since the Law of Non-Interference cannot be broken, no matter what the circumstances, there can never be a true victim. And if there is no victim, there can be no victimizer. A presumed victim and their corresponding victimizer co-create a situation together which outwardly looks like a conflict but in truth is a spiritual dance. It is a process of gradual awakening that involves the clearing of dualistic perception and opening to the Love Source that they are. This mighty task has taken many of us innumerable lifetimes to tackle. Now, when the perception of duality is losing its frequency basis, we are collectively moving through the illusion of injustice. The purpose of creating the illusion of injustice for everyone on this planet has been a grand one. It has given us the opportunity to learn all about our three-dimensional world, and work through all the nooks and crannies that make it up, until we find our essential self (The One Eternal Spirit) reflected in it. The recognition of Spirit in matter is our process of ascension. This will bring both fulfillment to the natural justice system of the world (replacing the illusions of injustice) and also restore peace and harmony on Earth.

Mass consciousness is currently undergoing a tremendous transformation that requires the experience of injustice. Anyone who still has roots and beliefs of separation feels agonizing pain and suffering when exposed to personal and collective calamities. When terrorists attacked and destroyed the World Trade Center in New York and the Pentagon in Washington D.C., the senseless loss of human life was incomprehensible to almost the entire world population. It shook the very foundation of safety and security, and the belief in goodness as such.

On the other hand, it demonstrated to all of us that human life on Earth is the most precious commodity there is and that we can only survive and live through catastrophes like this when we pull together and become one united force. We realized that the petty things and differences that have so occupied our lives in the areas of politics, economics and human relationships are not that important anymore. The grave ‘injustice’ of the Attack on America carried a blessing of unconditional love, brotherhood and sisterhood into the masses that would otherwise never have been experienced by humanity. Many brave and honorable souls volunteered (on the level of their Higher Self) to initiate this urgently needed transition in the world by giving up their physical lives in the inferno of the 9-11 events – perhaps the world’s most important distress call ever made.

The distress call was and continues to be a wake-up call for us all. It urges us to find answers to the following questions: Do we continue supporting and encouraging injustice by condemning it or do we begin to forgive and respect those that incur it? Are those who commit such crimes not also people who are driven by incredible amounts of fear, anger, disappointment, abuse or other grievances that none of us has really given any attention to? Do we truly believe that the attacks were indiscriminately placed and that we have nothing to do with them except being innocent victims? Weren’t these young men, who blew themselves up to destroy others, once also beautiful, innocent children who wanted to be loved and held but were not? Who made them this bitter and why? Haven’t we all directly and indirectly contributed to the economic imbalances that have led to the extreme poverty and anguish experienced in the world today? How much do we really care about those living in horrid conditions of poverty and exploitation?

When I lived in India and other poor nations, I saw hundreds of thousands of people who literally owned nothing but their bare skin and only survived (or died) by eating scraps decomposing in massive heaps of garbage that contained, among other things, leftover foods. Children, dogs, cows, and millions of flies partook of the same ‘free meals’. The situation is even worse in Afghanistan. Have we not been breeding the very terrorists (through our insatiable desire for wealth and power) that now enter our space like angry sharks coming to our beaches in order to kill? Is retaliation the only answer to this problem?

When Mahatma Gandhi stated: “An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind”, he knew that seeing and retaliating against the injustice done by others in truth fosters it even more and initiates new cycles of karma, pain and suffering. We have become so blind we really believe that when adversity comes to us someone or something else is responsible for it, not us. We will only be free of anger, terror and fear when our so-called enemies are free of anger, fear and terror. And this can only happen when we see others and other countries in the Oneness that underlies them all.

As long as we see injustice in the world, we create injustice in the world. And we create more and more of it until we discover the deceptive nature of this perception and move beyond the need for judgment. Justice and injustice are opposites that appear to be so real in life that we have a hard time not taking sides. Yet behind their appearance, they form a common bond. Both serve our Higher Spirit Self to become the only reference for how to live our life.